CP407 Independent Study Nov 2012 - Feb 2013

Core Course for the C&P Engineering Undergraduates

updated on 15 November 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Intended Learning Outcomes:

-        Ability to engage in lifelong learning, particularly for continuing professional development

-        Ability to acquire new knowledge outside the classroom independent of the instructor’s assistance

-        Ability to acquire knowledge of contemporary issues and appreciate broad education

-        Ability to search and extract information from published and other sources

-        Ability to critically analyze the material available in published sources

-        Ability to generate new knowledge from the in-depth study of material already available

-        Ability to participate in scientific and technical communications effectively with confidence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Course Information:

Course objectives:

-   Development of the skills, confidence and the courage required for self-learning new and advancing processing technology 

-   Development of enquiring mind, eager for new knowledge and understanding

-   Development of critical learning and writing skills

Course coordinator: Prof. R Shanthini (accessible at 071-5326835 and at rshanthini@pdn.ac.lk / admin@rshanthini.com)

Evaluation panel: Project Supervisors; Ms. NMNC Marapana; Dr. CS Kalpage (Moderator)

Course credits: 3 GPA credits

Pre-requisites: Prior approval of the Head of the Department for the selected project

Content

Time allocated

Study in depth of a topic not available through other course work. Student works with supervising faculty member on carefully planned, student initiated project.  Co-supervision of the project by a non-faculty member is highly recommended.

90 project hours

TOTAL

45 eq. hours

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assessment Scheme: 

Assessment method

Percentage marks

Stage 1: Assessment of the work carried out on the study via presentation of the study results by the student during the 3rd week.

20

Stage 2: Assessment of the performance in a VIVA during the 6th week.

30

Stage 3: Assessment of the work carried out via presentation of the study results by the student during the 11th week.

20

Stage 4: Assessment of the final study report submitted during the 14th week or a written examination, as may be necessary.

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timeline (updated on 15 Nov 2012):

Week

Date

Activity

Venue

(Time)

1

08 Nov

- Introductory session with the course coordinator

 

 

- Meeting with the supervisors and then with the course coordinator to finalize the project selection

SR#03

(11.10 – 12.00)

 

Department

(1.00 – 5.00)

2

15 Nov

carry out the study

 

3

22 Nov

Stage 1 assessment (click for guidelines) by the Evaluation Panel of the study results presented (click for presentation guidelines) by the student

SR #03

 (1 – 5 pm)

 

23 Nov

4

29 Nov

carry out the study

 

5

06 Dec

carry out the study

 

6

13 Dec

Stage 2 assessment (click for guidelines (under preparation)) by the Evaluation Panel by VIVA

Department

 (1 – 5 pm)

 

14 Dec

7

20 Dec

carry out the study

 

8

27 Dec

Poya Day

 

9

03 Jan

carry out the study

 

10

10 Jan

(Study finalization + Study report or Review paper writing) commences

 

11

17 Jan

Stage 3 assessment (click for guidelines (under preparation)) by the Evaluation Panel of the study results presented (click for presentation guidelines) by the student

Seminar Room

(1 – 5 pm)

 

18 Jan

12

24 Jan

(Study finalization + Study report or Review paper) continues

 

13

31 Jan

(Study + Study report or Review paper) finalized and submitted to the supervisor

 

14

07 Feb

Feedback from the supervisor on the preliminary study report or review paper submitted

 

15

14 Feb

Submission of the final improved study report or review paper by the student

 

During the exam week

 

Stage 4 assessment by the Evaluation Panel of the final study report or review paper submitted

 

 

Note:

Any delay in adhering to the deadlines specified above could cost the student 2.5 marks per week of delay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Presentation Guidelines:

Time allocation for each presentation: 10 minutes (not a minute more) to present and 10 minutes to defend the presentation

Content of the 10-minute presentation: Student is expected to guide his/her presentation using the assessment guidelines for Stage 1 or Stage 3 as appropriate. Further guidance could be obtained from the project supervisors and course coordinator (if necessary).

Presentation style: Professional guidance for improving the presentation style could be arranged upon request from the student(s) by the course coordinator on individual basis or as a workshop.

Note:  A write-up on the presentation must be handed over to the course coordinator before the presentation (and it is a must). All CP407 students are expected to be present during the entire assessment sessions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study Report or Review Paper Guidelines:

Submission mode: A hardcopy must be deposited in the letterbox of the primary project supervisor AND a softcopy must be emailed to rshanthini@pdn.ac.lk in *.doc or *.pdf format.

Format of the report or paper: Format is entirely of your choice. However, formal referencing to the sources referred to is very important. Your writing should be short and snappy (that is, to the point) and factual. Sentences must be properly formed with no spelling mistakes. A sample paper is made available for your information. Keep in mind that word to word reproduction of material available elsewhere without crediting the source (known as plagiarism and is a serious offence) will earn you a fail grade in CP407.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study topics suggested and chosen (finalized on 15 Nov 2012)

Idea #
Title
(currently being updated)

Executed by

undergraduates

 [supervisor]

1

Sorption Technology for Waste Management

Sample References:

- Wan Ngah WS and Hanafiah MAKM. Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by chemically modified plant wastes as adsorbents: A review. Bioresource Technology 99 (2008) 3935–3948 (pdf)

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sorption

Ms. KLLR Amarasekara, E/08/011

[Dr. AMM Ziadh, Queensland University of Technology, Australia]

2

Health Risks of Rainwater Harvesting and Reuse

Sample References:

- Lye DJ. Rooftop runoff as a source of contamination: A review. Science of the Total Environment 407 (2009) 5429–5434 (pdf)

- http://www.lankarainwater.org/     

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rainwater_harvesting

[Dr. AMM Ziadh, Queensland University of Technology, Australia]

3

Electronic Waste Management

Sample References:

- Nnorom IC and Osibanjo C. Electronic waste (e-waste): Material flows and management practices in Nigeria. Waste Management 28 (2008) 1472–1479 (pdf)

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_waste#E-waste_management

Mr. EAPC Bandara, E/08/032

[Dr. AMM Ziadh, Queensland University of Technology, Australia]

4

Decaffeination of Coffee by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Sample References:

- www.nd.edu/~enviro/design/caffeine.pdf

- http://www.beanthere.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=93&Itemid= 122

Mr. WDCC Wijerathne, E/08/394

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

5

Organic Wastewater Treatment by Supercritical Water Oxidation

Sample References:

- http://www.ga.com/atg/APS/scwo/index.php

- http://www.scfi.eu/downloads/treatmentofdifferentwastes.pdf

Mr. WMKM Dasanayaka, E/08/050

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

6

Open Dumping of Solid Waste: Strategies for Pollution Prevention

Sample References:

- http://www.environment.gov.fj/pdf/Waste/Strategies/NSWMS_2011_2014.pdf

- http://journals.sjp.ac.lk/index.php/fesympo/article/view/21

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

7

Nuclear Power as an Option for Sri Lanka Beyond 2030

Sample References:

- http://in.reuters.com/article/2010/09/20/srilanka-nuclear-idINSGE68J0E620100920

- www.iaea.org/INPRO/publications/INPROPESS-brochure.pdf

- http://www.westinghousenuclear.com/Community/WhatIsNuclearEnergy.shtm

- http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf32.html

Mr. WPGS Nawarathna, E/08/217

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

8

Leachate Treatment by Chemical Methods

Sample References:

- Shabiimam MA and Anil Kumar Dikshit (2011) Treatment of Landfill Leachate using Coagulation, 2nd International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, IPCBEE Vol.6, IACSIT Press, Singapore. URL: www.ipcbee.com/vol6/no1/26-F00042.pdf

- Madu Jude Ifeanyichukwu (2008) New Leachate Treatment Methods, Master’s Thesis, Lund University, Sweden. URL: www.vateknik.lth.se/exjobbR/E486.pdf

- Baig YS, Thiéblin E, Zuliani F, Jenny R and Coste C. Landfill Leachate Treatment: Case Studies. URL: ozonia.com/media/pdf/app/leachate-e.pdf

- Renoua S, Givaudana J-G, Poulaina S, Dirassouyanb F and Moulinc P. Landfill Leachate Treatment : Review And Opportunities. URL: dste.puducherry.gov.in/envisnew/books&reports13.pdf

Mr. MNS Rathnayaka (E/08/274)

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

9

Leachate Treatment by Biological Methods

Sample References:

- R. Stegmann, K.-U. Heyer And R. Cossu (2005) Leachate Treatment. URL: www.image.unipd.it/tetrawama/S2005/leachate_treatment.pdf

- Madu Jude Ifeanyichukwu (2008) New Leachate Treatment Methods, Master’s Thesis, Lund University, Sweden. URL: www.vateknik.lth.se/exjobbR/E486.pdf

Mr. HMSM Hereth, E/08/108

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

10

Leachate Treatment by Permeable Reactive Barriers

Sample References:

- Ha Ik Chung, Sang Keun Kim, Yong Soo Lee, Jun Yu (2007) Permeable reactive barrier using atomized slag material for treatment ofcontaminants from landfills, Geosciences Journal Vol. 11, No. 2, p. 137 – 145. URL: www.geosciences-journal.org/home/journal/.../downloadPdf.asp?.

- Jun-Boum Parka, Seung-Hak Leea, Jae-Won Leea, Chae-Young Leeb (2002) Lab scale experiments for permeable reactive barriers against contaminated groundwater with ammonium and heavy metals using clinoptilolite (01-29B), Journal of Hazardous Materials, 65–79. URL: zeolitanatural.com/docs/pollutionammoniametals.pdf

Mr. HMDD Dasanayake, E/08/052

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

11

Carbon Fiber Technology

Sample References:

- http://www.umaine.edu/adhesion/gardner/5502002/carbon%20fibers.pdf
- http://textilelearner.blogspot.com/2012/03/carbon-fiber-characteristicsproperties.html

Mr. HMR Asantha, E/08/023

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

12

Energy Efficiency Optimization in Thermal Power Plants

Sample References:

-

Mr. WWNR Wilegoda, E/08/401

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

13

Biofuel Production from Micro-algae

Sample References:

-

Mr. GASK Jayasinghe, E/08/124

[Dr. CS Kalpage]

14

Investigation of Coconut Oil as Alternative Transformer Oil

Sample References:

- D.C. Abeysundara, C. Weerakoon, J R Lucas, K.A.I. Gunatunga and K.C. Obadage. (2001) Coconut Oil as an Alternative to Transformer Oil, – ERU Symposium November 2001. URL: www.elect.mrt.ac.lk/Coconut_oil_eru_2001.pdf

- J R Lucas, D C Abeysundara, C. Weerakoon, K B M I Perera, K C Obadage and K.A.I. Gunatunga (2001) Coconut Oil Insulated Distribution Transformer, 8 th Annual Conference of the IEE Sri Lanka on 22 September 2001. URL: www.elect.mrt.ac.lk/IEE2001_coconut_oil.pdf

- S M Bashi1, U. U Abdullahi1, Robia Yunus1 and Amir Nordin (2006) Use Ofnaturalvegetable Oils As Alternative Dielectric Transformer Coolants, Journal of The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (Vol. 67, No. 2, June 2006) URL: dspace.unimap.edu.my/dspace/bitstream/123456789/13739/1/...

- Ursula Biermann and Jürgen O. Metzger (2007) Application of Vegetable Oil-Based Fluids as Transformer, Oleochemicals under Changing Global Conditions, Hamburg, 25-27 February 2007. URL: www.abiosus.org/.../5_Biermann_ApplicationOfVegetableOil-...

Mr. SMR Chathuranga, E/08/047

[Dr. CS Kalpage

Prof. Manjula Fernando (E&E Engineering)]

15

Power from Rice Husk

Sample References:

- Chungsangunsit T, Gheewala SH and Patumsawad S. Emission Assessment of Rice Husk Combustion for Power Production. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 53 (2009) 1070-1075 (pdf)

[Ms. SMWTPK Ariyaratne]

16

Exposure to air pollutants while commuting

Sample References:

- Han X and Naeher L.P. A review of traffic-related air pollution exposure assessment studies in the developing world. Environment International 32 (2006) 106-120 (pdf)

- Zuurbier M, Hoek G, Oldenwening M, Lenters V, Meliefste K, van den Hazel P and Brunekreef B. Commuters’ exposure to particulate matter air pollution is affected by mode of transport, fuel type and route. Environmental Health Perspectives 118 (2010) 783-789 (pdf)

- Saksena S, Luong PV, Quan DD, Nhat PT, Tho DT, Quang TN, Dang PN, Nquyen T, Quynh LN, Duc DH and Flachsbart P. Commuters’ exposure to particulate matter and carbon monoxide in Hanoi, Vietnam: a pilot study. Environmental Change, Vulnerability and Governance Series, East-West Center Working Papers 64 (2007) 1-30 (pdf)

[Ms. MA Elangasinghe, New Zealand]

17

Taming OpenFOAM: the open source CFD toolbox

Sample References:

- http://www.openfoam.com

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenFOAM

[Prof. R Shanthini

Ms. MAM Jinasena]

18

‘Financial Gradients’ – a Financial Mechanism for Sustainable Development

Sample References:

- Bose A, Ramji A, Singh J and Dholakia D. A case study for sustainable development action using financial gradients. Energy Policy 47 (2012) 79–86 (pdf)

Mr. IAC Illukwatta, E/08/113

[Prof. R Shanthini]

19

Green, Blue and Gray Water Footprints (WFs)

Sample References:

- Gerbens-Leenes W and Hoekstra AY. The water footprint of sweeteners and bio-ethanol. Environment International 40 (2012) 202–211 (pdf)

[Prof. R Shanthini]

20

Hydrogen Production for Hydrogen Economy

Sample References:

- Hallenbeck PC, Abo-Hashesh M and Ghosh D. Strategies for improving biological hydrogen production. Bioresource Technology 110 (2012) 1–9 (pdf)

- Xiao L, Wu S-Y and Li Y-R. Advances in solar hydrogen production via two-step water-splitting thermochemical cycles based on metal redox reactions. Renewable Energy 41 (2012) 1-12 (pdf)

[Prof. R Shanthini]

21

Bioethanol from Lignocellulosic Material

Sample References:

- Vancov T, Alston A-S, Brown T and McIntosh S. Use of ionic liquids in converting lignocellulosic material to biofuels. Renewable Energy 45 (2012) 1–6 (pdf)

- Sukumaran RK, Surender VJ, Sindhu R, Binod P, Janu KU, Sajna KV, Rajasree KP and Pandey A. Lignocellulosic ethanol in India: Prospects, challenges and feedstock availability. Bioresource Technology 101 (2010) 4826–4833 (pdf)

- Sarkar N, Ghosh Sk, Bannerjee S and Aikat K. Bioethanol production from agricultural wastes: An overview. Renewable Energy 37 (2012) 1927 (pdf)

- Liao W, Heijungs R and Huppes G. Is bioethanol a sustainable energy source? An energy-, exergy-, and emergy-based thermodynamic system analysis. Renewable Energy 36 (2011) 34793487 (pdf)

- Balat M and Balat H. Recent trends in global production and utilization of bio-ethanol fuel. Applied Energy 86 (2009) 2273–2282 (pdf)

[Prof. R Shanthini]

22

Current Trends in Distillation Technology

Sample References:

- Saidur R, Elcevvadi ET, Mekhilef S, Safari A and Mohammed HA. An overview of different distillation methods for small scale applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 47564764 (pdf)

- Alkhudhiri A, Darwish N and Hila N. Membrane distillation: A comprehensive review. Desalination 287 (2012) 2–18 (pdf)

Mr. NMSSB Karunathilaka, E/07/179

[Prof. R Shanthini

Ms. AMW Menike]

23

Compact Heat Exchangers

Sample References:

- Li Q, Flamant G, Yuan X, Neveu P and Luo L. Compact heat exchangers: A review and future applications for a new generation of high temperature solar receivers. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15 (2011) 4855–4875 (pdf)

Mr. WMHD Weerasinghe, E/08/384

[Prof. R Shanthini

Ms. AMW Menike]

24

Combined Pinch and Exergy Analysis

Sample References:

- Ataei A and Yoo C. Combined pinch and exergy analysis for energy efficiency optimization in a steam power plant. International Journal of the Physical Sciences 5 (2010) 1110-1123 (pdf)

- Pinto FS, Zemp R, Jobson M and Smith R. Thermodynamic optimisation of distillation columns. Chemical Engineering Science 66 (2011) 2920–2934 (pdf)

- You Y and Hu EJ. A medium-temperature solar thermal power system and its efficiency optimization. Applied Thermal Engineering 22 (2002) 357–364 (pdf)

Mr. DKMPHBS Dorakumbura E/07/081

[Prof. R Shanthini

Dr. CS Kalpage]

25

Environmental Systems Modeling with software

Sample References:

- will be uploaded shortly

Mr. RGRNK Ariyaratne, E/08/018

[Prof. R Shanthini]

26

Advanced Pollution Control Strategies in Chemical & Process Industries – a Literature Survey

Sample References:

- will be uploaded shortly

Mr. HPTC Thilakarathna, E/08/356

[Prof. R Shanthini]

27

Torrefaction and Biochar Production Techniques

Sample References:

- please contact Dr. Karunaratne

Mr. BDN Fernando, E/08/079

[Dr. DGGP Karunaratne]

28

Energy Modeling for Buildings

Sample Reference:

- http://www.esru.strath.ac.uk/Courseware/Building_modelling/index.htm

[Dr. DGGP Karunaratne]

29

Air Pollution Dispersion Modeling

Sample References:

- please contact Dr. Karunaratne

Ms. WRAI Subhashini, E/08/333 [Dr. DGGP Karunaratne]

30

Gasification with CO2

Sample References:

- please contact Dr. Karunaratne

Mr. NAAI Subasinghe, E/08/332

[Dr. DGGP Karunaratne]

31

Effects of Urban Heat Island

Sample References:

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban_heat_island

- http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/urban-heat-island.htm

Mr. RARC Senarathne, E/08/311

[Dr. DGGP Karunaratne]

 

 

email: rshanthini@pdn.ac.lk / admin@rshanthini.com

 

copyright © R. Shanthini