CP551 Sustainable Development (Nov 2012 – Feb 2013)

last updated on March 07, 2013

 

“I really appreciate the thoroughness of your sustainable development curriculum. I will share that with some academic friends here.”

- Earnest A. Lowe / Indigo Development (www.indigodev.com)

 

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Course Description

Timeline (modified on 13 Dec, 2012)

Class List (finalized on 04 Dec 2012) with information on Project Title (last updated at 22.30 on 10 Dec 2012)

Model questions (last updated in March 2013)

Past examination papers: Aug2005; May2008; Aug2009; Dec2009; May2010; Jan2011; Sept2011; Jan2012; Feb2012 (Makeup); June2012

Comments on the course content and delivery from Class2009, Class2010first and Class2010second

Course Materials (lecture & reference materials)

Sustainable Development Project (SDP) related Literature (last updated on 09 Dec 2012)

Guidelines for SDP Presentation Assessment Session and Defense (last updated on 09 Dec 2012)

Guidelines for SDP Final Report (last updated on 09 Dec 2012)

Guidelines for Energy related SDP to be presented in the class (last updated on 09 Dec 2012)

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Course material (lecture & reference materials):

 

Module 1 (delivered on 12 Nov 2012; all materials have been updated):

Components of sustainable development: environment, economy and society. Games and group discussions to introduce the need for sustainable development in today’s world.

 

Lecture

materials

Part 1: Introduction

ppt

Part 2: Unsustainable energy production and use

ppt

Part 3: CO2 emissions, sustainable limit to CO2 emissions & CO2 emissions reduction options

Sustainable Limit Calculations

ppt

 

ppt

Reference

Materials

'What is Sustainable Development (Goals, Indicators, Values, and Practice)?'

paper

'Does Rio+20 Assure a Sustainable Future?’

R. Shanthini, Economic Review, June/July 2012: 39-43

pdf

scanned

'Making Sense and Making Money' for a very interesting reading on creative ideas implemented worldwide

paper

A very interesting talk on 'Can podcars be driven by solar energy?', delivered by Ron Swenson at The Podcar City, Uppsala, Sweden on October 2, 2007 

ppt

video

 

Module 2 (delivered on 19 Nov 2012; all materials have been updated):

Concepts of economic development and human development. Economic development indices and their critique. Human development index and its critique. Discussion on sustainable development indices.

 

Lecture

Materials

Economic, human and sustainable development Indices

ppt

Reference

Materials

'Measuring the Immeasurable: A Survey of Sustainability Indices'

paper

'Measuring sustainable development — Nation by nation' for more on Human Development Index and Ecological Footprint

paper

'Carbon dioxide emissions laden economic and human development, will it go away making room for sustainable development?' 

R. Shanthini, Chapter 10 (pp. 212-237) in Global Environment: Problems and Policies, Volume 3, eds.: Gupta, K.R., Jankowska, M.A., Bosselmann, K. and Maiti, P. Published in 2008 by Atlantic Publishers and Distributors (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 288 pages. ISBN 978-81-269-0847-9.

paper

Keynote Lecture in the pure sciences track of the Jaffna University International Research Conference – 2012, University of Jaffna; held on 20-21 July 2012

ppt

 

Module 3 (partly delivered on 03 Dec 2012):

Group discussion on economic development, and the impact on public health and environment.

 

Module 4 (partly delivered on 03 Dec 2012):

Group discussion on climate change and development, and other environmental and ecological related issues in today’s world.

 

Reference

Material

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Findings

ppt

animated ppt

 

Module 5 (delivered on 10 Dec 2012; all materials have been updated):

Science, technology, innovations and sustainable development.

 

Lecture

Materials

Part 1: Introduction to Science, Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Development

ppt

Part 2: Sustainablility, Radical Resource Productivity, Whole System Design, and Biomimicry

ppt

Part 3: Green Chemistry, Green Engineering, Earth Systems Engineering and Green Nanotechnology (will not go into details)

ppt

Worked

Examples

on

Whole

System

Design

Unit 6: Industrial Pumping Systems (on ppt)

Worked Ex. 1 with Appendices

Unit 7: Passenger Vehicles

Worked Ex. 2

Unit 8: Electronic and Computer Systems

Worked Ex. 3

Unit 9: Temperature Control of Buildings

Worked Ex. 4

Unit 10: Domestic Water Systems

Worked Ex. 5

Reference

Materials

A relaxed Look at Creativity

ppt

A very interesting talk on 'Biomimicry', delivered by Janine Benyus

video

'Green Nanotechnology: It's easier than you think', by Karen F. Schmidt

paper

 

Module 6 (all materials have been updated):

Energy and transport for economic development and human development, and their impact on sustainable development.

 

Lecture

Materials

Part 1: Energy:

Introduction;

Hydro;

Solar (Part 01; Part 02);

Wind (Part 01; Part 02);

Biomass;

Bioethanol; Biodiesel

Part 2: Conventional and Microbial Fuel Cells; Energy Storage

Fuel Cells;

Energy Storage

Part 3: Transport

Part 01; Part 02

Sustainable

Energy

Solutions

Opportunities for Improving the Efficiency of Motor Systems

Lecture 3.1

Opportunities for Improving the Efficiency of Boiler and Steam Distribution Systems

Lecture 3.2

Energy Efficiency Improvements available through Co-Generation

Lecture 3.3

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the Aluminium, Steel and Cement Sectors

Lecture 5.1

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Industries

Lecture 5.2

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the IT Industry and Services Sector

Lecture 5.3

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency in the Food Processing and Retail Sector

Lecture 6.2

Energy

efficiency

and

Transport

Designing a Sustainable Transport Future

Lecture 8.1

Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Alternative Transport Fuels – Passenger Vehicles

Lecture 8.2

Integrated Approaches to Energy Efficiency and Alternative Transport Fuels – Trucking

Lecture 8.3

Reference

materials

Life After the Oil Crash – a very informative reading on our energy future

website

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) special report on 'Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage'

Report

Renewables Global Status Report - 2009 Update by the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century

Update

The Rebound Effect

Report

 

Module 7 (all materials have been updated):

Industrial and service sector and their impact on sustainable development.

 

Lecture

material

Industrial and service sectors and their impact on Sustainable Development

ppt

Reference

Materials

on

Industrial

Ecology

Functional industrial ecosystem, "The Industrial Symbiosis at Kalundborg, Denmark", by Jrgen Christensen, Consultant to the Symbiosis Institute, Kalundborg, Denmark

ppt

"Uncovering" Industrial Symbiosis by M.R. Chertow in Journal of Industrial Ecology, Winter 2007, 11(1): 11-30

Paper

Industrial Symbiosis in China: A Case Study of the Guitang Group by Q. Zhu, E.A. Lowe, Y. Wei, and D. Barnes in Journal of Industrial Ecology, Winter 2007, 11(1): 31-42

Paper

A Spatial Analysis of Loop Closing Among Recycling, Remanufacturing, and Waste Treatment Firms in Texas by D.I. Lyons in Journal of Industrial Ecology, Winter 2007, 11(1): 43-54

Paper

Industrial Symbiosis in the Australian Minerals Industry: The Cases of Kwinana and Gladstone by D. van Beers, G. Corder, A. Bossilkov, and R. van Berkel in Journal of Industrial Ecology, Winter 2007, 11(1): 55-72

Paper

Reference

Materials

on

Life Cycle

Analysis

(LCA)

The 1.7 kilogram microchip: Energy and material use in the production of semiconductor devices, by E.C. Williams, R.U. Ayres, and M. Heller in Environ. Sci. Technol., 2002, 36:5502-5510

Paper

Comment on “The 1.7 kilogram microchip: Energy and material use in the production of semiconductor devices”, by F. Shadman and T.J. McManus in Environ. Sci. Technol., 2004, 38:1915

Paper

Response to comment on “The 1.7 kilogram microchip: Energy and material use in the production of semiconductor devices”, by by E.C. Williams, R.U. Ayres, and M. Heller in Environ. Sci. Technol., 2004, 38:1916-1917

Paper

 

Module 8 (all materials have been updated):

Use of fertilizers and pesticides, green revolution and agricultural biotechnology in the agricultural sector, and their impact on sustainable development.

 

Lecture

materials

Part 1: Use of fertilizers and pesticides and green revolution in the agricultural sector, and their impact on sustainable development

ppt

Part 2: Agricultural biotechnology in the agricultural sector, and their impact on sustainable development

ppt

Reference

materials

Transgenic crops: Implications for biodiversity and sustainable agriculture by M.A. Garcia and M.A. Altieri

Paper

Transgenic crops in Argentina and its hidden costs by W.A. Pengue. In Ortega, E. & Ulgiati, S. (editors): Proceedings of IV Biennial International Workshop “Advances in Energy Studies”. Unicamp, Campinas, SP, Brazil. June 16-19, 2004. Pages 91-101

Paper

 

Module 9 (all materials have been updated):

Globalization and its impact on sustainable development.

 

Lecture

materials

Introduction to globalization and the global action to promote sustainable development: UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and CDM

ppt

Introduction to indices measuring globalization and its relation sustainability indices.

Alternative world scenarios to achieve sustainability

ppt

Reference

materials

Environment and Globalization: Five Propositions. 2007. A. Najam, D. Runnalls and M. Halle, International Institute for Sustainable Development.

Paper

What is Globalization? a presentation by Ritva Kivikkokangas-Sandgren, Spring 2005

ppt

Kyoto Protocol and the CDM

ppt

The UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and an Introduction to CDM by Joyceline A. Goco (Head, IACCC Secretariat)

ppt

 

  Module 10:

Information and communication technology and its impact on sustainable development.

 

 

Guidelines for SDP Final Presentation for Assessment and Defense Session:

Session time: to be finalized in consultation with the students

Time allocation for each presentation: 08 - 10 minutes to present and 05 minutes to defend

Content of the presentation:

Detailed description of the unsustainable system considered in the literature (or by the student)

max of 3 marks

Recommendations made in the literature (or by the student) to enhance the sustainability of the system considered

max. of 3 marks

Critical analysis on the recommended system from sustainable development point of view

max. of 4 marks

Defense of the presentation:

Ability to defend the questions asked on the presentation

max. of 10 marks

Marks assigned: Maximum of 20 marks   

 

Guidelines for SDP Final Report:

Content of the final report:

Report must contain the following in point form:

Detailed description of the economically, ecologically and socially unsustainable features of the system considered in the literature (or by the student)

max of 6 marks

Recommendations made in the literature (or by the student) to enhance the sustainability of the system

max. of 10 marks

Critical discussion on the recommended system from sustainable development point of view considering the economical, ecological and social aspects of sustainable development

max. of 10 marks

List of references used written in standard format

max of 4 marks

Format of the final report: Format of the report is entirely of your choice. Your writing should be short and snappy (that is, to the point) and factual. Sentences must be properly formed with no spelling mistakes.

References used: A list of the resources used in preparing your report must be provided at the end of the report in formal referencing style. Harvard style is the most used format and you may find this URL handy: http://www.neilstoolbox.com/bibliography-creator/. Keep in mind that word to word reproduction of material available elsewhere will disqualify you in the CP551 project component.

Submission time: On or before 15 Feb 2012 (any delay would cost -2.5 marks per week)

Submission mode: A hardcopy of the SDP final report must be deposited in the letterbox of Prof. R. Shanthini AND a softcopy must be emailed to admin@rshanthini.com in *.pdf or *.doc (and NOT in *.docx or any other) format.

Marks assigned: Maximum of 30 marks   

 

Guidelines for Energy related SDP:

Presentation: Presentation will be scheduled during class hours during which the student would convince the class the system proposed by him/her is a sustainable solution to energy crisis. Duration of the presentation must be finalized.

Content of the final report:

Report must contain the following:

Material presented in the class to convince the class the system proposed by him/her is a sustainable solution to energy crisis

max. of 30 marks

Clarifications to the questions asked by the class in the classroom and by writing by the coordinator

max. of 20 marks

Format of the final report: Format of the report is entirely of your choice. Your writing should be short and snappy (that is, to the point) and factual. Sentences must be properly formed with no spelling mistakes.

References used: A list of the resources used in preparing your report must be provided at the end of the report in formal referencing style. Harvard style is the most used format and you may find this URL handy: http://www.neilstoolbox.com/bibliography-creator/. Keep in mind that word to word reproduction of material available elsewhere will disqualify you in the CP551 project component.

Submission time: On or before 15 Feb 2012 (any delay would cost -2.5 marks per week)

Submission mode: A hardcopy of the SDP final report must be deposited in the letterbox of Prof. R. Shanthini AND a softcopy must be emailed to admin@rshanthini.com in *.pdf or *.doc (and NOT in *.docx or any other) format.

Marks assigned: Maximum of 50 marks   

Titles for SDP (last updated on 09 Dec 2012):

Probable SDP titles may be found at the following open access journal sites:

- Sustainability

- Journal of Sustainable Development

 

Some suggested topics:

       Energy recovery from wastewater treatment plants in the United States

       Optimal and sustainable groundwater extraction

       Advancing integrated systems modeling for life cycle sustainability assessment

       Beyond biomimicry: what termites can tell us about realizing the living building

       The century ahead: searching for sustainability

       Is globalisation sustainable?

       Temporal objects—design, change and sustainability

       Role of agricultural biodiversity in food and nutrition security

       Global warming potential impacts of organic farming

       Demand and supply structure for food in Asia

       Optimizing urban material flows and waste streams in urban development

       Human capital and sustainability

       Virtual sustainability

       Towards life cycle sustainability assessment

       Sustainable nanotechnology

       A value function for assessing sustainability: application to Industrial Buildings

       An economic instrument for zero waste, economic growth and sustainability

       Is bioethanol a sustainable energy source? An energy-, exergy-, and emergy-based thermodynamic system analysis

       Renewable energy strategies for sustainable development

       A new paradigm of sustainability

       Biofuels in the energy transition beyond peak oil

       Eco-efficiency in primary metals production: Context, perspectives and methods

       Regional ecological security assessment based on long periods of ecological footprint analysis

       Future fuel cell and internal combustion engine automobile technologies: A 25-year life cycle and fleet impact assessment

       Key factors in planning a sustainable energy future including hydrogen and fuel cells

       Comparative analysis of battery electric, hydrogen fuel cell and hybrid vehicles in a future sustainable road transport system

       Renewable energies: Choosing the best options

       Integrated System Approach to Sustainability: Bio-Fuels and Bio-Refineries

       Functioning devices for solar to fuel conversion

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